CS 074P-1 Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers (ITINs)
New 05/24/16 Training Completed 06/07/16
According to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), General ITIN Information, Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers (ITINs), . . . are for federal tax reporting only, and are not intended to serve any other purpose. IRS issues ITINs to help individuals comply with the U.S. tax laws, and to provide a means to efficiently process and account for tax returns and payments for those not eligible for Social Security Numbers (SSNs).
An ITIN does not authorize work in the U.S. or provide eligibility for Social Security benefits or the Earned Income Tax Credit. (IRS)
The IRS also states that ITINs
are issued . . . to foreign
nationals and others who have federal tax reporting or filing requirements and
do not qualify for SSNs. A non-resident alien individual not eligible for a SSN
who is required to file a U.S. tax return only to claim a refund of
tax under the provisions of a U.S. tax treaty needs an ITIN.
Other examples of individuals who need ITINs include:
A nonresident alien required to file a U.S. tax return
A U.S. resident alien (based on days present in the United States) filing a U.S. tax return
A dependent or spouse of a U.S. citizen/resident alien
A dependent or spouse of a nonresident alien visa holder. (IRS)
According to the IRS, It [an ITIN] is a nine-digit number that always begins with the number 9 and has a range of 70-88 in the fourth and fifth digit. Effective April 12, 2011, the range was extended to include 900-70-0000 through 999-88-9999, 900-90-0000 through 999-92-9999 and 900-94-0000 through 999-99-9999.